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22nd Mass Donation to Save East Cemetery Hill at Gettysburg
I'm very pleased to announce that the Board of Directors of the 22nd Massachusetts has voted to support this Civil War Trust effort with a donation of $1,150. This is the second time we have made a significant donation to a Civil War Trust initiative. Our busy schedule of living histories and parades has made this possible. I hope we will continue to be active supporters of battlefield preservation in the future. It is rather remarkable that our group can do this. Personally, I think it is a rewarding result to all our hard work and the effort we put into these events.

Many thanks to all for your support of the company. Together, we're making a big difference in many ways.

Posted by Capt Browne on Wednesday 31 July 2013printer friendly
In Memoriam: John Patten
Originally posted by Doug Lyons to the 22nd MVI Facebook page.
Photo credit: Carolyn DiMeo.

Members of the 22nd Mass and USSC ... it is with an extraordinarily heavy heart that I must report the sudden passing of our very good friend John Patten late yesterday.

John was a man with a very thoughtful nature who came to us to support his son Matt in re-enacting with no intention of joining. Well, he hopped in at the first drill and did not look back; diving head long into the hobby.

We all know John as the unofficial unit historian - his many visits to the state archives shed more than a little light on the history of the 22nd. His curious nature was shared with all and helped us all understand a but more about the 22nd and it's proud history.

Most importantly, though, John was a very loving husband and devoted father of a young daughter and two bright sons. Matt is of course known by all in the unit and those of thus that have been around for a couple years have had the honor of seeing him mature into a fine young man.

I spoke with his wife Lauren this afternoon and she urged the 22nd to forge ahead with our plans for the weekend feeling this would be a most appropriate way to honor John. Matt has requested that we honor John with a salute; which we will most certainly do at the event.

Please take a moment this evening to remember John in a manner that is most appropriate to you and also do the same for Lauren and the kids.

Memorial service information will be passed along as it becomes available.

Wake: 4-8 pm on Friday June 28 at Healy Funeral Home, 57 North Main St., Westford MA
Memorial Mass at 8 AM Saturday June 29 at St. John's, 80 Union St., Clinton MA

John will be sorely missed.
Posted by webguy on Wednesday 26 June 2013printer friendly
22nd Massachusetts Infantry at Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg, the 22nd Massachusetts was part of the First Brigade (Tilton), First Division (Barnes) of the V Corps (Sykes).

The manner in which the 22nd Massachusetts formed was unusual among Bay State regiments. It was organized and admitted to Federal service as something of a special favor to Senator Henry Wilson, the fiery, abolitionist junior senator from Massachusetts. He had, from a distance as a civilian, observed the terrible defeat during First Bull Run and was moved to ask President Lincoln if he could return to Massachusetts to recruit his own brigade. Permission was given and Wilson’s troops would be admitted above and beyond Massachusetts’s quota (something usually prohibited). The brigade did not pan out. But Wilson did manage to recruit a regiment in August and September 1861. The men were mostly from Boston but also included companies from Woburn, Taunton, Cambridge and Haverhill.[1]

The 22nd Massachusetts departed Boston on October 8, 1861. They were eventually assigned to the Army of the Potomac and saw their first combat during the Peninsular Campaign. The regiment was overrun and very badly cut up during the Battle of Gaines Mill on June 27, 1862, an engagement which the veterans would long remember as a terrible and sad day. They were not heavily engaged during the Second Battle of Bull Run and were held in reserve with the rest of the V Corps during the Battle of Antietam. At Fredericksburg, they were among the many regiments that made a futile charge against the impregnable Confederate line at the stone wall and took heavy casualties. During Chancellorsville they again were in reserve with the V Corps and saw little action.[2]

By June 1863, when the 22nd Massachusetts marched northward along with the Army of the Potomac in pursuit of Lee’s invading army, the regiment had been severely whittled down due to casualties and disease. At Gettysburg they took just 137 men into action, making it the smallest Massachusetts infantry regiment on the field during the battle.[3]

[ Read the rest... ]
Posted by Capt Browne on Friday 21 June 2013printer friendly
The Calm Before the Storm: The Week Prior to Gettysburg
June 23-30 1863

Following the fight at Upperville, the 22nd MVI returned to camp in Aldie and encountering only a lone chicken on the route, which was "converted into rations" by means of a fast-acting private soldier and his little hatchet, despite standing orders strongly against foraging. Once back in Aldie (Map Location A), the lads endured "...a fearful storm flooded the camp and drenched [them] thoroughly" (Parker 327).

The next week was one of long, hard marches to the north. During the day on the 24th of June, the 22nd MVI and brigade participated in a rare brigade drill whilst in the field and on campaign-- this little bit of training was their final respite, as it were. On the next day, the 25th of June, the 22nd MVI detached from the brigade and sent with the baggage train for the corps to entrain at Fairfax Station (Map Location B), where the moved over rail to link up with the rest of the Army of the Potomac that had continued north in pursuit of Lee. At Fairfax, the lads of the regiment heard a shelling of the town by rebels just as they were leaving, taking a few casualties in the process. On the 26th of June, the unit encamped near Dranesville (Map Location C), then moved to Edwards Ferry on the 27th (Map Location D) where they waited for Sixth Corps' and their own baggage trains to cross, before moving across themselves to camp at Bennett's Creek. While en route to the ferry, Parker notes that the unit enjoyed picking some cherries which were now in season and ripe (328).

At this point, the 22nd MVI was now back on Union soil (however questionable in loyalty) in Maryland. From Bennett's Creek the lads passed through Poolesville, Barnesville, and Buckeyetown en route to Fredrick (Map Location E). It was in this vicinity on the 28th of June that the regiment learned of the removal of Joe Hooker from command of the Army, and the promotion of General George Meade to command. Parker notes that the army narrowly missed a grand review by the commanding general, due to the urging of General Butterfield-- owing to the closeness and hazards of Lee's army being close at hand and on the march. On the 29th and 30th, the 22nd MVI men moved to the north and east, reaching Union Mills (Map Location F) in the afternoon of the 30th, and bivouacking on the green near the town.

Gettysburg was just a short march across the Maryland/Pennsylvania border...

Carter, Robert Goldthwaite. Four Brothers in Blue. Second Printing. Austin and London: University of Texas Press, 1978. Print.

Parker, John Lord. Henry Wilson's Regiment: History of the Twenty-Second Massachusetts Infantry. Reprint. Baltimore MD: Butternut and Blue, 1996. Print.

Note: Map routes are estimates. Actual historical routes may have varied.

Posted by webguy on Monday 17 June 2013printer friendly
From Cattlet's Station to the Battles of Battles of Aldie, Middleburg, and Upperville.
(June 15-22, 1863)

At 5:30 AM on June 15, the 22nd Massachusetts again got orders to march on to Bristow Station-- this time, the orders were not countermanded. Parker notes that the land they marched over was part of the old Bull Run battlefield, and that it "...bore all of the unmistakeable evidences of war's destructive hand" (Parker 324). The day was again hot and dusty, with little water to be had. Encamping by 11 PM, the 22nd MVI remained throughout the day of the 16th, awaiting further orders. (See map location B )

June 17 saw the unit again broke camp, moving off to the north and west, past Centreville, and crossing Bull Run Creek. Given the dryness of the past few days, the lads most certainly filled their canteens at Bull Run creek; and Parker shares that after leaving the Bull Run area, the only water the regiment came across was in the form of "slimy mudholes", which, despite their poorness of water, became the site of much activity as the water-deprived men sought to filter out whatever moisture they could from the brown muck. Parker adds that the division is reputed to have suffered the end of seventeen men on this stretch of march to sunstroke, including Colonel Gleason of the 25th New York; and that countless other lads deserted as they passed Centreville and its ruined train junction.

The night of the 17th and through the 18th of June, the 22nd MVI camped near Gum Spring (map location C), which was a location that offered-- mercifully-- good water, and pleased the lads despite a strong thunderstorm that must have remained a relief given the hot and dusty marches. On the 19th, the regiment moved out at 3 PM to Aldie, Virginia (see map location D), some five miles to the west, where they were encamped near their friends in the 1st Massachusetts Cavalry (who'd complained of rebel cavalry tactics of fighting dismounted behind stone walls) and the 1st Rhode Island Cavalry (who Parker noted were "fearfully cut up") (325).

While the 22nd MVI was at Gum Spring, their cavalry friends were engaged in a pair of fights in the Loudoun Valley at Aldie (June 17), and Middleburg (June 17-19). These battles were the result of General Hooker's desire for his own cavalry to punch through Stuart's, gain access to the Shenandoah Valley, and ascertain the location and movements of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia-- A mission which General Alfred Pleasanton had thus far failed to accomplish. On the 21st, the 22nd Mass was called up to support the cavalry as skirmishers near Aldie (see map location E), seizing a ridge and witnessing a cavalry charge that Parker described as "...a grand sight" (326). By 2 PM, the 22nd MVI was again called into line of battle, advancing through Ashby's Gap, past Rector's Crossroads, into Upperville, and finally over Goose Creek bridge, which was the pivot point of the day's fighting. This fight became known as the Battle of Upperville.

On June 22, the regiment received a number of conflicting orders in the wee hours, but remained encamped near Aldie, awaiting its next movement.

Posted by webguy on Wednesday 12 June 2013printer friendly
The Slow Pursuit
(June 8-14, 1863)

While the Army of Northern Virginia continued to dash north, Hooker's Army of the Potomac continued its deliberate crawl in pursuit. The 22nd Massachusetts remained encamped near Kelly's Ford (map location A)through the first week of June 1863. On June 9th, Parker reports that the 22nd "...heard heavy booming all day, indicating a sharp cavalry fight" (Carter 323). Indeed, only thirteen miles to the west, Alfred Pleasanton's cavalry clashed with that of J.E.B. Stuart at what would become known as the Battle of Brandy Station. The next day, the 22nd moved up six miles to Kelly's Ford to support the cavalry in the event that the battle continued and Pleasonton required infantry assistance, but the fight had concluded. The 22nd MVI returned to camp at night on the 10th of June. Walter Carter wondered about the location of Lee's army in a June 11 letter home:

"We cannot imagine where we are bound for now. Perhaps the rebs are on their way to Washington; I seem to dread continually now a third 'Bull Run," and yet I think it will not be realized.; everything breathes of approaching fight, and I say 'let it come!' We can fight now as well as ever, and the men can die as gloriously as they did at Chancellorsville, with all the radiance of ancient chivalry. Nothing so inspiring as to see a dauntless, brave man rush into battle fearlessly, and I am proud of the risk a soldier runs of at least dying in a worthy cause" (Carter 279-280).

The entirety of the army set into motion over the course of the next few days, with the Third Corps marching past the 22nd MVI on the 12th, and the First Corps on the 13th. With the rest of the Fifth Corps, the 22nd MVI broke camp after sundown on the 13th and moved north. Parker expressed some modicum of surprise that Pleasanton's cavalry had seized control of the fords from Stuart, enabling unopposed crossing. Reaching Morrisville (map location B) late on the 13th, the 22nd camped for the night. The next day, they made the long trek from Morrisville to Catlett's Station near Bristersburg (map location C)-- some twenty miles; and only a few miles south of the location of the Bull Run battlefield that so concerned Walter Carter (marked with a red dot on the map). According to Parker, there was little water to be had on this march, which made the already unpleasant Virginia heat all the less bearable. While at a halt to rest-- a rest used to brew coffee-- the regiment received orders to march on to Bristow Station, but the orders were countermanded to the relief of the leg-weary men of Henry Wilson's regiment.

Carter, Robert Goldthwaite. Four Brothers in Blue. Second Printing. Austin and London: University of Texas Press, 1978. Print.

Parker, John Lord. Henry Wilson's Regiment: History of the Twenty-Second Massachusetts Infantry. Reprint. Baltimore MD: Butternut and Blue, 1996. Print.

Note: Map routes are estimates. Actual historical routes may have varied.

Posted by webguy on Friday 31 May 2013printer friendly
22nd MVI Departs on the Gettysburg Campaign
(May 28 - June 7 1863)
One hundred and fifty years ago today, the historical 22nd Massachusetts had just embarked on what would become known as the Gettysburg Campaign. The first stage of the campaign was a pursuit of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, which had given the Army of the Potomac the slip in Virginia, moving away to the north. The 22nd MVI had been on picket duty on May 28 for Hooker's force when...

"...and order was received to 'pack up' and move. Gen. Meade directing that it join the column on the march. Every thing was hurly-burly for a short time, the boys leaving all their traps in camp, taking only their blankets and rations. Nobody knew where we were going, or that we should ever return. The regiment, however, came in from picket in the afternoon, packed up, and on the 29th, made a long arch, in the direction of the upper river fords. It was very warm, the marching vim was out of the boys, and it was a weary, painful trap of eighteen miles. We bivouacked at Wykoff's Mine." (Parker 321)

Over the next two days, the 22nd MVI made a more deliberate pace, moving four miles to Morrisville on the 30th, then retraced their steps back two miles on the 31st. The 22nd MVI -- and indeed, the Fifth Corps as a whole-- was then used as a massive picket while Hooker groped around looking for Lee. The 22nd MVI was posted on the old Bull Run battleground, at Kelly's Ford. By the accounts of Walter Carter, Kelly's Ford was a fine place to camp. He writes: "...our camp was pitched in a most delightful locality-- a vast stretch of open fields, sloping to the river, surrounded by groves of fragrant spruce, cedar, and other evergreens" (Carter 276). They remained near Kelly's Ford for nearly a week.

Carter, Robert Goldthwaite. Four Brothers in Blue. Second Printing. Austin and London: University of Texas Press, 1978. Print.

Parker, John Lord. Henry Wilson's Regiment: History of the Twenty-Second Massachusetts Infantry. Reprint. Baltimore MD: Butternut and Blue, 1996. Print.

Posted by webguy on Thursday 30 May 2013printer friendly
2013 Event Schedule
At the 2013 Annual Membership Meeting on January 20, the 22nd Massachusetts membership voted on our official slate of events for the 2013 season. These events may be considered "maximum effort" for members of the 22nd MVI, and constitute a good spread of living histories, battle reenactments (both local and national), as well as a national-scale, authentic tactical for good measure.

Events marked with "NEB" are in conjunction with our regional parent organization, the New England Brigade.
Those marked with "MG" are in conjunction with our national parent organization, the Mifflin Guard.

Members: Please be advised of the below 'max effort' events; and take note of the event coordinator listed. Please also note that private events such as drills, are not noted below, but will appear to members on the event calendar.

For those wishing to consider joining the 22nd Massachusetts, please review the "Recruiting" section above; and contact our recruiter Doug Lyons (recruiter@22ndmass.org) for further information; and so that he might be prepared to meet with you at an event noted below.

For those wishing an appearance by the 22nd Massachusetts on an ersatz basis in 2013, or for inclusion in the official 2014 schedule-- Please review the "Request an Appearance" section here.

22nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry 2013 Official Schedule of Events

* 2 -- Lincoln Day, Old Ship Church, Hingham MA (C: Lyons)
* 10 -- Lincoln Birthday Living History, Forbes House, Milton MA (C: DiFranco)

* 17-- Boston St. Patrick's Day Parade, Boston MA (C: Browne)

* 5-7 -- "In Hooker's Rear" Tactical, Germanna Ford, VA (C: Lyons)
* 6 -- Civil War Trust Park Day, Fort Trumbull, New London CT (C: Lawrence)
* 20 -- Westford Library Living History, Westford MA (C: Lawrence)

* 4 -- Harlow Day, Bridgewater MA (C: O'Bryan)
* 25 -- Coltsville Vintage Base Ball Tournament Living History Adjunct, Hartford CT (C: Lawrence)
* 26 -- Hingham GAR Living History, Hingham MA (C: O'Bryan)
* 27 -- Hanson Memorial Day Parade, Hanson MA (C: Browne)
* 27 -- Pembroke Memorial Day Parade, Pembroke MA (C: Browne)

* 27-30 -- BGA Gettysburg, Bushy Farm, Gettysburg PA (MG, C: Lyons)

* 3 -- Randolph Independence Day Parade, Randolph MA (C: Harrison)
* 4 -- Braintree Independence Day Commemoration, Braintree MA (C: O'Bryan)
* 4 -- Independence Day Parade, Duxbury MA (C: Browne)

24-25 -- Woodbury Battle Reenactment, Woodbury CT (NEB, C: Lyons)

* 14-15 -- Chase Farm Battle Reenactment, Lincoln RI (NEB, C: Browne)
* 28-29 -- Queset House Living History, North Easton MA (C: Duprey & Duprey)

* 5 -- Cambridgeport Living History, Cambridge MA (C: Lawrence)

* 11-- Tritown Veterans Day Parade, Whitman MA (C: Duprey)
* 16 -- Burial Hill Living History, Plymouth, MA (C: Lawrence)
* 23 -- Remembrance Day Parade, Gettysburg PA (MG, C: Collins)
Posted by webguy on Tuesday 22 January 2013printer friendly
22nd MVI Writings Available Online
The off-season may be upon us, but the research of the members of the recreated 22nd MVI on our historical antecedents continues apace. John Patten in particular continues to dig up numerous amazing tidbits from his meanderings around the country and the web alike.

A recent discovery is some collected letters of Private Alvah Cotton, posted in our archives. These letters were condensed by his wife and shared for posterity-- and are now available thanks to John's research and transcription.

These letters, and many more transcriptions-- primarily by our own John Patten and Jeremy Fraine-- are available in our Writing of the Original 22nd MVI section.

Posted by webguy on Thursday 20 December 2012printer friendly
The Battle of Gaines Mill -- 27 June 1862
On this day exactly 150 years ago -- June 27 1862-- the original 22nd Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry were engaged at Gaines Mill. The 22nd MVI were kept in reserve through much of the fight. When having exhausted their 60 rounds of ammunition, the 2nd Maine and 13th New York collapsed in front of them to the rebel onslaught, the 22nd MVI was struck by superior numbers from three sides. In the brief moments of battle, the 22nd MVI lost half it's strength, including Colonel Jesse Gove and Captain John Dunning.

Regimental historian John Parker reflected that "It was a sad night for the Twenty-second. Not a man but had lost a comrade, for one half of those who marched in the morning were no longer in the ranks."

Drum-Major Marshall Pike penned the following verse to fallen Gove:

"He sleeps where the blest of our glorious dead
Were left on the sacred land;
Where to daring deeds, ere his spirit fled,
He led with a bold command.
He sleeps; yes, he sleeps undisturbed by war,
Though traitors tramp over his breast,
And with those who slumber in glory afar,
He takes an immortal rest."

This day, in their honor.

The tally by numbers:

Wounded & Taken Prisoner -- 55
Wounded -- 31
Taken Prisoner -- 122

Killed: 71
Col. Jesse Gove

Capt. John Dunning

Lts. George Gordon, Thomas Salter

Sergeants Charles Carr, Josiah Stratton J, David Philbrook

Corps. Charles Jordan, Ariel Crowell Jr. Jeremiah Dalton 2nd, Francis Thompson

Privates John Brown, Nathan Carter, John Choate, John Coates, George Cook, Jesse French, Charles Griffin, Edward Hogan, Jeremiah O'Brien, Henry Phelps, Jonathan Procter, Thomas Richards, Timothy Sweeney, Adolphus Carter, Peter Dodge, William Johnson, William Smith, Albert Wood, John Wood, John Green, Elisha Harridon, Joseph Howard, Sidney Copeland, George Huntington, Andrew McIntire, Thomas Tolman, Amos Whittaker, Parker Wright, Edwin Chase, James Chadduck, Joseph Gorse, William McGlinchy, Charles Murphy, Joseph Merriman, George Mortimer, Timothy Barry, Moses Bullard, Benjamin Gunnison, Michael Murphy, William Nowell, George Wilmarth, George Chase, Benjamin Floyd, William Frye, Simon John, Charles Ward, George Webster, Eugene Eaton, Alexander Fogg, Edward Ward, Paul Greenwood, John Collins, Frank Fuller, Walter Glover, William Quigley, Oscar Quimby, Charles Sander, Nathan Stone, David Wilson.

Posted by webguy on Wednesday 27 June 2012printer friendly
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